Fault code P0316 – misfire detected on startup (first 1000 revolutions)

Fault code P0316 is called “Misfire Detected On Startup (First 1000 Revolutions)” but in different programs it may be called differently. This fault designation applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II.

Technical description and explained code P0316

OBD-II error code P0316 is a generic code that sounds like “engine ignition misfire detected at startup”. It is set when the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) detects ignition skips after the engine starts within the first 1000 rpm.

Fault code P0316 – misfire detected on startup (first 1000 revolutions)

The ignition misfire detection system uses inputs that are sent to the PCM through special feedback circuits. If the PCM does not receive the feedback signal, it interprets this as an ignition failure.

Error P0316 indicates that ignition skips occur in either cylinder. They occur when not enough fuel is being burned in the cylinder. Efficient combustion is important. Because fuel combustion is the source of energy to run the engine.

Ignition skips can be caused by a variety of reasons. Due to a faulty ignition system, fuel system, or internal engine failure. Often the malfunction is caused by worn spark plugs, spark plug wires or a faulty coil.

Symptoms of vehicle malfunctions

The main signal that an error P0316 has occurred is the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is also known as the CheckEngine Light.

It can also be warning signs such as:

  1. Check engine control lamp on the control panel will light up (the code will be written to the ECM memory as a fault).
  2. Engine stalls or starts poorly.
  3. Floating revolutions, and attempts to stall at idle.
  4. Bouncing/missing ignition at idle or under load.
  5. Poor acceleration.
  6. Increased fuel consumption.
  7. Reduced engine power output.
  8. Fuel odor coming out of the exhaust.

Failure P0316 is considered serious and should be eliminated as soon as possible. Continued driving with ignition timing issues can cause costly damage to the engine and catalytic converters.

Factors that can cause this error code

The error code P0316 can mean that one or more of the following problems have occurred:

  • Faulty or worn spark plugs.
  • Worn or damaged ignition leads.
  • Failure of coil.
  • Faulty oxygen sensor.
  • Damaged fuel injectors.
  • Vacuum leakage.
  • Low fuel pressure.
  • Faulty camshaft position sensor.
  • Faulty crankshaft position sensor.
  • Plugged exhaust gas recirculation pipes or valve.
  • Clogged catalytic converters.
  • Faulty air flow sensor.
  • Throttle position sensor malfunction.
  • Leaking cylinder head gasket.
  • Low engine compression.
  • Poor fuel quality.
  • Sometimes the cause is a defective PCM module.

How to fix or reset OBD-2 code P0316

Some suggested steps for troubleshooting and fix the error code P0316:

  1. Use the OBD scanner to make sure there are no other errors. If they are present, it is recommended that they be repaired first.
  2. Inspect for loose connectors on ignition coils or damaged wiring. Also look for loose engine ground wires. This can cause accidental ignition misses. Tighten or correct if necessary.
  3. Check the condition of the spark plugs and their wires. Worn and old spark plug wires are common causes of accidental ignition skips. Replace plugs and wires if necessary.
  4. Fuel pressure should be measured. Low pressure can cause intermittent ignition failures in several cylinders. When the pressure is below specification, the engine does not receive the correct amount of fuel and begins to lean the mixture. The fuel pump or pressure regulator may be the source of the low pressure.
  5. Make sure the fuel injectors are working properly and are activated. Occasional ignition skips may be a sign of faulty or clogged fuel injectors, which need to be replaced. Also make sure that the fuel injector wiring is intact and properly connected.
  6. If the ignition system and fuel system are checked, you can perform an engine compression check and a leak check to see if there are any mechanical problems causing the ignition skips.

Diagnose and repair of problems

Sometimes when a P0316 fault is detected, there are no symptoms. The easiest thing to do in this case is to simply reset the code and see if it comes back.

If you see a problem in the form of irregular idling or engine jerking, check all wiring and connectors leading to the cylinders. Next, it’s worth checking the plugs, wires, and coils.

In some cases, a failed catalytic converter is the cause. If you smell rotten eggs in the exhaust, the catalytic converter should be replaced. Faulty fuel injectors, also should not be overlooked.

Accidental ignition skips, can be due to depleted fuel. This, could be due to a vacuum leak in the intake manifold or air getting past the airflow sensor. Also due to an exhaust gas recirculation valve stuck in the open position.

On which vehicles does this problem occur most frequently

Fault code P0316 can occur on different vehicles but there are statistics on which brands this occurs most often. Here is a list of some of them:

  • Ford (Crown Victoria, Edge, Escape, Expedition, Explorer, F-150, Fiesta, Focus, Maverick, Ranger, Taurus)
  • Jaguar
  • Land Rover (Range Rover)
  • Subaru
  • Toyota

Fault code P0316 can sometimes be found with other errors. The most common are the following: P0102, P0113, P0171, P0174, P0300, P0301, P0302, P0303, P0304, P0305, P0306, P0307, P0308, P0309, P0310, P0311, P0312, P0420, P1131.

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