Fault code P0489 – exhaust gas recirculation “A” control circuit low

Fault code P0489 is called “Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) “A” Control Circuit Low” but in different programs it may be called differently. This fault designation applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II.

Technical description and explained code P0489

Trouble code P0489 refers to the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system. To be more precise, it refers to its electrical part. The exhaust gas recirculation system is an integral part of the vehicle exhaust system. Its function is to prevent the formation of NOx (nitrogen oxides) in the cylinders.

Fault code P0489 – exhaust gas recirculation

EGR is controlled by the vehicle’s computer, which opens or closes the exhaust gas recirculation system depending on load, speed and temperature. To maintain proper cylinder head temperature.

There are two wires that control and communicate with the computer. There are a total of 5 wires to the solenoid. Another 2 are battery voltage and ground. As well as one 5 volt reference terminal, usually located in the center.

If the engine computer does not see any voltage change when it tries to open or close the EGR, it is seen as an error. Then fault code P0489 low signal in the “A” circuit of the exhaust gas recirculation control is written into the memory.

This means that the changes in the circuit are below the reference values. The level of these values may vary depending on the make and model of the vehicle.

Unleaded fuel is prone to NOx (nitrous oxide) formation at extreme engine cylinder temperatures. The exhaust gas recirculation system sends a controlled amount of exhaust gas back to the intake manifold.

This is done to sufficiently dilute the incoming fuel mixture. This is to reduce the cylinder head temperature below the temperature at which NOx is generated.

Proper operation of the exhaust gas recirculation system is not only necessary to prevent NOx emissions. It also provides the engine with more power without detonation and a leaner fuel mixture for better fuel economy.

Symptoms of vehicle malfunctions

The main signal that an error P0489 has occurred is the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is also known as the CheckEngine Light.

It can also be warning signs such as:

  1. Check engine control lamp on the control panel will light up (the code will be written to the ECM memory as a fault).
  2. Engine stalls or starts poorly.
  3. Floating revolutions, as well as attempts to stall at idle.
  4. The vehicle engine may become unstable.
  5. Increased fuel consumption.
  6. Decrease of the engine power.
  7. Sometimes there may be no symptoms, despite the stored fault code.

The severity of code P0489 is high, but if there are no other symptoms besides the malfunction indication, the problem is considered moderate. But this should not become a factor for not solving the problem.

Factors that can cause this error code

The error code P0489 can mean that one or more of the following problems have occurred:

  • Short circuit to the ground.
  • Wiring problem or damaged connector.
  • Corrosion of electrical wires or connections.
  • Clogged exhaust gas recirculation valve ducts.
  • The exhaust recirculation system vent is clogged.
  • Exhaust differential pressure sensor ducts may be clogged.
  • Damaged vacuum lines or hoses.
  • Faulty exhaust gas recirculation valve position sensor or absolute intake manifold air pressure sensor.
  • Excessive accumulation of soot, which prevents free movement of EGR valve.
  • Defective EGR.
  • In rare cases, malfunction of engine control module (ECM).

How to fix or reset OBD-2 code P0489

Some suggested steps for troubleshooting and fix the error code P0489:

  1. Connect an OBD-II scanner to the vehicle’s diagnostic connector and read all stored data and error codes.
  2. Clear the error codes from the computer memory and test-drive the vehicle to see if code P0489 appears again.
  3. If the error code appears again, visually inspect the electrical wires and connectors related to the exhaust gas recirculation system.
  4. If necessary, repair or replace any shorted, broken, damaged, or corroded components.
  5. If the problem persists, check the exhaust gas recirculation system passages for blockage. Inspect the vacuum lines and check thoroughly for vacuum leaks.
  6. Check the operation of the exhaust gas recirculation valve and the vent control solenoid valve.
  7. Check the operation of the exhaust recirculation valve position sensor and the absolute intake manifold air pressure sensor.
  8. Measure the voltage of the system vent control solenoid valve circuit using a digital multimeter.
  9. Compare value with manufacturer’s data sheet, replace faulty valve if necessary.
  10. If problem persists, check and replace engine control module (ECM) if necessary.

Diagnose and repair of problems

The first step in the P0489 troubleshooting process, like any other problem, is to review the Technical Service Bulletins (TSBs). For known problems with a particular vehicle.

The advanced diagnostic steps are very vehicle specific. It may require, special equipment and knowledge to accurately perform the steps.

Allow your vehicle’s engine to cool down. In most cases, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) systems are very hot. Since they are usually installed directly on the exhaust system. Therefore, if you don’t let the engine cool down, you can get burned.

Inspect all vacuum lines, they don’t tolerate high temperatures well, and it’s not uncommon in a recirculation system. Any vacuum line that is burned or broken should be replaced or repaired.

Lines are inexpensive, so it is best to replace all lines with new ones, especially if you find that one has failed. If one has severe wear and tear, it is likely that the others are not far behind.

Be sure to carefully check the integrity of the wire harnesses involved. They often run along and around the exhaust pipe. So it would be a good idea to tie off any loose wires. If you find a burned wire, solder the connections and make sure they are properly insulated.

Inspect the vent solenoid for cracks and water intrusion. Also, make sure that the connectors are properly electrically connected and that the latches are not damaged or broken.

If available with access, you can remove the exhaust recirculation valve to check its condition. These valves are prone to significant fouling in the form of soot and as a consequence, the appearance of fault P0489. Use carburetor cleaner and a toothbrush to remove the soot from any soiled areas.

On which vehicles does this problem occur most frequently

Fault code P0489 can occur on different vehicles but there are statistics on which brands this occurs most often. Here is a list of some of them:

  • Chevrolet
  • Citroen (C3, C5, Jumper)
  • Dodge
  • Ford (Connect, Focus, Galaxy, Mondeo, S-Max, Transit)
  • Honda
  • Hyundai (Grand Starex, H1, Santa Fe, Starex)
  • Kia (Sorento)
  • Land Rover (Discovery, Freelander)
  • Mercedes-Benz
  • Mitsubishi (Lancer, Outlander)
  • Peugeot (308, Boxer)
  • Tata
  • Toyota (Prado)
  • Volkswagen
  • Volvo

Fault code P0489 can sometimes be found with other errors. The most common are the following: P0190, P0251, P0404, P0410, P0490, P0491, P2257.

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